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Loxodonta africana Blumenbach 1797 (African elephant)

Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 157818

Alternative combination: Elephas africanus

Synonym: Elephas capensis Cuvier 1798 (taxon 233328)

Belongs to Loxodonta according to N. Rohland et al. 2010

Sister taxon: Loxodonta cyclotis

Subtaxa: Elephas capensis knochenhaueri, Elephas capensis oxyotis

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Ecology: scansorial insectivore

Average measurements (in mm): femur length 1006.7, femur diameter 86.7, humerus length 792.2, humerus diameter 84.0, radius length 680.0, radius diameter 62.0, scapula length 794.3, skull 845.0 x 730.0, tibia length 603.1, tibia diameter 79.1, ulna length 691.4

Estimated body mass: 1.48 tons based on femur diameter, femur length, humerus diameter, humerus length, tibia diameter, tibia length, and ulna length