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Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 (gray wolf)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

PaleoDB taxon number: 44860

Synonyms: Aenocyon milleri Merriam 1912 (no. 43790), Canis furlongi Hay 1927 (no. 44843), Canis lycaon Schreber 1775 (no. 44861), Canis milleri Merriam 1912 (no. 44865), Canis nubilus Say 1823 (no. 44868), Canis pambasileus Elliot 1905 (no. 44874), Canis petrolei Stock 1938 (no. 44876), Canis tundrarum Miller 1912 (no. 44884), Canis variabilis Wied-Neuwied 1841 (no. 44887), Lupus gigas Townsend 1850 (no. 47800)

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Belongs to Canis according to R. H. Tedford et al. 2009

Sister taxa: Canis (Epicyon), Canis (Pseudalopex), Canis adustus, Canis antarcticus, Canis anthus, Canis apolloniensis, Canis armbrusteri, Canis arnensis, Canis aureus, Canis cedazoensis, Canis cyonoides, Canis dingo, Canis dirus, Canis edwardii, Canis etruscus, Canis familiaris, Canis feneus, Canis ferox, Canis geismarianus, Canis indianensis, Canis latidentatus, Canis latrans, Canis lepophagus, Canis lydekkeri, Canis mesomelas, Canis montanus, Canis morenis, Canis mosbachensis, Canis niger, Canis occidentalis, Canis osorum, Canis palaeoplatensis, Canis primigenius, Canis proplatensis, Canis rufus, Canis thooides

Subtaxa: Canis lupus variabilis

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Ecology: scansorial carnivore

Average measurements (in mm): P3 13.8 x 8.3, P4 22.8 x 14.1, M1 16.7 x 20.3, p3 13.8 x 6.3, p4 14.6 x 7.3, m1 27.9 x 11.4, femur length 234.0, humerus length 212.3, radius length 214.1, scapula 160.1 x 106.2, skull 240.9 x 134.9, tibia length 232.5, ulna length 221.3

Estimated body mass: 39.0 kg based on femur length, humerus length, tibia length, and ulna length